Red Beach Resort &Amp; Spa Khu Du Lịch Xuân Thiều

Arous Holiday Village seemed lượt thích an idyllic vacation destination. In the early 1980s, hundreds of tourists flocked to lớn its sandy white beaches & explored its underwater worlds with beautiful coral reefs. And while its location on the coast of Sudan may not have sầu been an obvious choice for sun-seekers, given the country’s history of conflict và drought, brochures distributed across European travel agencies emphasized the regular flight routes from London, Paris và Rome lớn Khartoum, as well as the warm temperatures and pleasant sea breezes. But there was much more than met the eye at the popular beach resort, & that story is the inspiration for new Netflix film The Red Sea Diving Resort.

Starring Chris Evans, Michael K. Williams & Haley Bennett, The Red Sea Diving Resort is based on true events, namely the Operation Brothers mission which ran from 1979 to 1984 và saved the lives of thousands of Ethiopian Jews. In reality, & as depicted in the film, an abandoned khách sạn did serve as the perfect cover for a risky operation smuggling Ethiopian Jewish refugees through the hotel on the East African coast, sending them onwards by boat khổng lồ safety & new lives in Israel. Official information related lớn the mission was declassified only in recent years.

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Some critics have sầu called out The Red Sea Diving Resort for putting forth a “white-savior” narrative sầu, privileging the roles of the Israeli Mossad agents led by Evans’ character Ari Levinson. Director Gideon Raff said in a statement that the Ethiopian community “were true partners in this operation và they are the real heroes of this story,” noting that it was important to hyên ổn lớn cast actors from the Ethiopian community in the film. The movie’s release also comes at a tense moment in Israel, where large-scale protests flared up in early July after the shooting of 18-year-old Solotháng Tekah, marking the 11th Ethiopian Israeli killed by police in the past trăng tròn years. Tekah’s death sharpened focus on the grievances of Israel’s 150,000-svào Ethiopian community, members of which have sầu voiced their frustrations against racism and discrimination in the country since the first major waves of immigration that started with these operations in 1980s.

Here’s a closer look bachồng at the history behind the true events that inspired The Red Sea Diving Resort:

Why were Ethiopian Jews fleeing their trang chính country?

The history of Ethiopian Jews is a long and complex one, with many academics unsure of exactly when và how a Jewish population came khổng lồ be in Ethiopia. While some of their customs are distinct from Hebrew traditions, the community, historically known as Beta Israel, has become a largely accepted part of mainstream Judaism. “It’s a bit shrouded in mystery, but there are reports that a huge community lived in Ethiopia for ages, more than 1,500 years. Some people even speak about millennia,” says Jon Abbink, a professor of governance và politics in Africa, specializing in Ethiopia, at Leiden University in the Netherlands.

In the 1970s and 1980s, a combination of push factors in Ethiopia led khổng lồ a big exodus of refugees from the Beta Israel community, as depicted in The Red Sea Diving Resort. The Ethiopian revolution in 1974 heightened underlying political tensions in the country, with opponents of the military regime led by Mengistu Haile Mariam facing the threat of arrest or execution. There were also environmental và economic factors, with droughts in 1973 and 1974, and again in the early 1980s, leading to lớn widespread famine and one of the worst humanitarian crises of the 20th century.

Amid the country’s descent into civil war beginning 1974, Ethiopian Jews became more prominent as political revolutionaries, active in rebel struggles against the military regime. Infighting between the differing rebel groups, combined with the instability in the country, led lớn more & more Beta Israel refugees fleeing Ethiopia via Sudan at the beginning of 1978, according to Abbink. “We saw this conjuncture of political và ecological và economic issues which urged the Beta Israel khổng lồ leave the country, led by community activists,” he says. As depicted in the beginning of the film, the journey across the deserts of the Horn of Africa to reach refugee camps in Sudan was often dangerous, but a risk judged worth taking by Ethiopian Jews who feared for their lives. One estimate suggests that around 4,000 of the trăng tròn,000 Beta Israel people who made the journey from northern Ethiopia to Sudan died en route.

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Why were Israeli agents involved in refugee rescue operations?

In The Red Sea Diving Resort, Evans’ character Ari Levinson hatches a bold plan: khổng lồ renovate an abandoned Italian khách sạn on the coast of Sudan, eight hours’ drive sầu from the capital of Khartoum, and use it as a cover khổng lồ smuggle Ethiopian Jews from refugee camps khổng lồ Israel via boat. Israeli officers initially react with skepticism at the proposal, but decide to entrust Levinson with planning the operation & recruiting fellow Mossad agents from around the world to help hyên.

While this scene appears khổng lồ have added a touch of dramatic flair, Mossad agents certainly were instrumental in scouting out possible locations that could act as a cover lớn transport the refugees to safety, as well as eventually running the real-life resort. But the origins of Operation Brothers were also due in large part to lớn the efforts of activists from the Ethiopian Jewish community. “Initially Israeli authorities were contacted by Ethiopian Beta Israel activists asking if they could help. There definitely was a demvà,” says Abbink. One of these activists was Farede Yazazao Aklum, who was the inspiration for Williams’ character. After fleeing his home in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, and walking the grueling 300 miles to Khartoum, Sudan, Aklum wrote a letter that triggered Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin lớn task Mossad agents with the rescue of the Beta Israel.

Earlier in the 1970s, smaller numbers of Ethiopian Jews were transported khổng lồ safety by plane from Khartoum và welcomed in Israel. Larger Mossad-led operations including Operation Brothers, và the later Operation Moses (1984-1985) & Operation Solomon (1991), were responsible for the arrival of an estimated 90,000 members of the community in Israel by the over of the 1990s. “In the case of the Beta Israel, this was the only example where another country was willing và able to help the people, và adopt the people,” says Abbink. “Many other refugees remained, & still are in Sudan, because no country is really ready khổng lồ take them in. But the Israeli government made a commitment to take their people in.”

Did an escape mission really happen at a hotel in Sudan?

In 1981, Mossad agents scouted the Sudanese coastline & found 15 beachside villas that had been abandoned a decade earlier. Nestled on the shorelines of the Red Sea và boasting picturesque coral reefs, the resort provided a front for agents lớn covertly transport Beta Israel refugees lớn boats that would carry them to lớn Israel. As depicted in the film, the Sudanese International Tourist Corporation did actually believe it was renting the resort out khổng lồ hotel managers & diving enthusiasts — all of whom were in fact undercover Israeli operatives. Real, unsuspecting tourists, mainly from Europe, came khổng lồ stay at the resort, attracted by brochures that touted “breathtaking views of the heavens, aflame with millions of stars” & “an abundance of exotic fish” in “exceptionally clear waters.”

“This operation was so fulfilling, because you were saving hundreds of people from a very bad fate,” said Yola Reitman in a video clip interview for a behind-the-scenes look at the film. Reitman was an Israeli agent responsible for managing the khách sạn, a role reflected by Haley Bennett’s character in the film. At the, Abbink was studying the Beta Israel community in Israel, và knew of the operation that was happening at the Arous Holiday Village. “Of course, I kept my mouth shut so as not lớn endanger anything. It was an extremely delicate mission,” he recalls.


Was the mission successful?

As depicted in the film, the mission spanned years và resulted in the relocation of thousands of Ethiopian Jews khổng lồ Jerusalem, while agents kept up appearances maintaining và managing the hotel. According to Abbink, around 8,000 Beta Israel individuals escaped khổng lồ Israel via Sudan with the help of the Israeli resort staff, which made it the largest-scale operation of its

As a boy, Daniel Sahalo and his family fled from Ethiopia via Sudan to Israel as part of Operation Moses, which airlifted over 7,000 Ethiopian Jews khổng lồ Israel in 1984-1985. “There was just a rumor that we needed to lớn get khổng lồ Sudan and from there we might be able lớn get help,” he said in a đoạn Clip interview. Sahalo worked as an historical consultant on The Red Sea Diving Resort, saying that the film was important to tell khổng lồ future generations because “these people risked their lives every day for almost three years.”

“What I hope the audience will think about when they see the film is that there are about 65 million refugees in the world today,” said Raff in a statement. “We seem to lớn be closing the doors in their faces và many of them are losing their lives on their way khổng lồ a better future. Compassion would be the biggest thing that I hope people will take away.”

Correction, August 1

The original version of this story misstated The Red Sea Diving Resort’s connection to lớn Mossad Exodus: The Daring Undercover Rescue of the Lost Jewish Tribe, by Gad Shimron. The film is not associated with the book.