Hậu Tố Là Gì

Tiền tố và hậu tố là một trong những ngữ pháp cơ bản nhưng rất quan trọng trong tiếng Anh. Hiểu được điều đó, Báo Song Ngữ đã tổng hợp kiến thức ngữ pháp này. Hy vọng bài viết này thực sự hữu ích cho các bạn.Tiền tố và hậu tố trong tiếng Anh – Prefixes and suffixes được thêm vào trước hoặc sau của từ gốc (root).

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B. Một số loại tiền tố và hậu tố trong tiếng Anh phổ biến

1. Tiền tố phủ định

Un .Được dùng với: acceptable, happy, healthy, comfortable, employment, real , usual, reliable, necessary, able, believable, aware….


Im: thường đi với cái từ bắt đầu là “p”Eg: polite, possible…

il: thường đi với các từ bắt đầu là “l”Eg: illegal, ilogic, iliterate..

ir: đi với các từ bắt đầu bằng “r”Eg: regular,relevant, repressible..

inEg: direct, formal, visible,dependent,experience.

disEg: like, appear, cover, qualify, repair, advantage,honest.

nonEg: existent, smoke, profit…

2. Hậu tố

ment (V+ment=N)Eg: agreement.

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ion/tion (V+ion/tion=N)

Eg: action,production,collection..

ance/ence (V+ance/ence=N)Eg: annoyance, attendance..

ty/ity (adj+ty/ity=N)Eg: ability,responsibility, certainty..

ness (adj+ness)Eg: happiness, laziness, kindness, richness…

er/or (V+er/or)Eg: actor, teacher..

ist (V+ist)Eg: typist, physicisist, scientist…

ent/ant (V+ent/ant=N)Eg: student, assistant, accountant…

an/ion (N+an/ion)Eg: musician, mathematician…

ess (N+ess)Eg: actress,waitress…

ing (V+ing)Eg: feeling, teaching, learning…

C. Danh sách các tiền tố và hậu tố thường gặp khác 

1. Danh sách các tiền tố 

PREFIX MEANING EXAMPLESante- : Before antenatal, anteroom, antedate.

anti- : against, opposing antibiotic, antidepressant, antidote

circum- : Around circumstance, circumvent, circumnavigate

co- : With co-worker, co-pilot, co-operation

de- : off, down, away from devalue, defrost, derail, demotivate

dis- :opposite of, not disagree, disappear, disintegrate, disapprove

em-, en- : cause to, put into embrace, encode, embed, enclose, engulf

epi- : upon, close to, after epicentre, episcope, epidermis

ex- : former, out of ex-president, ex-boyfriend, exterminate

extra- : beyond, more than extracurricular, extraordinary, extra-terrestrial

fore- : Before forecast, forehead, foresee, foreword, foremost

homo- :Same homosexual, homonuclear, homoplastic

hyper- : over, above hyperactive, hyperventilate

il-, im-, in-, ir- : Not impossible, illegal, irresponsible, indefinite

im-, in- : Into insert, import, inside

infra- : beneath, below infrastructure, infrared, infrasonic, infraspecific

inter-, intra- : Between interact, intermediate, intergalactic, intranet

macro- : Large macroeconomics, macromolecule

micro- : Small microscope, microbiology, microfilm, microwave

mid- : Middle midfielder, midway, midsummer

mis- : Wrongly misinterpret, misfire, mistake, misunderstand

mono- : one, singular monotone, monobrow, monolithic

non- : not, without nonsense, nonentity, nondescript

omni- : all, every omnibus, omnivore, omnipotent

para- : Beside parachute, paramedic, paradox

post- : After post-mortem, postpone, post-natal

pre- : Before prefix, predetermine, pre-intermediate

re- ;Again return, rediscover, reiterate, reunite

semi- :Half semicircle, semi-final, semiconscious

sub- : Under submerge, submarine, sub-category, subtitle

super- : above, over superfood, superstar, supernatural, superimpose

therm- : Heat thermometer, thermostat, thermodynamic

trans- : across, beyond transport, transnational, transatlantic

tri- : Three triangle, tripod, tricycle

un- : Not unfinished, unfriendly, undone, unknown

uni- : One unicycle, universal, unilateral, unanimous

2. Danh sách các hậu tố 

SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLENOUN SUFFIXES.

-acy: state or quality democracy, accuracy, lunacy

-al : the action or process of remedial, denial, trial, criminal

-ance, -ence : state or quality of nuisance, ambience, tolerance

-dom : place or state of being freedom, stardom, boredom

-er, -or : person or object that does a specified action reader, creator, interpreter, inventor, collaborator, teacher

-ism : doctrine, belief Judaism, scepticism, escapism

-ist : person or object that does a specified action Geologist, protagonist, sexist, scientist, theorist, communist

-ity, -ty : quality of extremity, validity, enormity

-ment : condition enchantment, argument

-ness : state of being heaviness, highness, sickness

-ship : position held friendship, hardship, internship

-sion, -tion : state of being position, promotion, cohesion

VERB SUFFIXES

-ate: become mediate, collaborate, create

-en : become sharpen, strengthen, loosen

-ify, -fy : make or become justify, simplify, magnify, satisfy

-ise, -ize : become publicise, synthesise, hypnotise

ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

-able, -ible : capable of being edible, fallible, incredible, audible

-al : having the form or character of fiscal, thermal, herbal, colonial

-esque : in a manner of or resembling picturesque, burlesque, grotesque

-ful : notable for handful, playful, hopeful, skilful

-ic, -ical : having the form or character of psychological, hypocritical, methodical, nonsensical, musical

-ious, -ous : characterised by pious, jealous, religious, ridiculous

-ish : having the quality of squeamish, sheepish, childish

-ive : having the nature of inquisitive, informative, attentive

-less : without meaningless, hopeless, homeless

-y :characterised by dainty, beauty, airy, jealousy

ADVERB SUFFIXES

-ly : related to or quality softly, slowly, happily, crazily, madly

-ward, -wards : direction towards, afterwards, backwards, inward

-wise : in relation to otherwise, likewise, clockwise

Trên đây chúng tôi đã giải thích chi tiết về Tiền tố, hậu tố trong tiếng Anh và một số từ ngữ các bạn có thể tham khảo dùng trong hàng ngày.